Top Techniques to Excel in Online Carnatic Music Classes

Top Techniques to Excel in Online Carnatic Music Classes

In the realm of Indian classical music, Carnatic music stands out for its intricate compositions, detailed ragas, and the depth of emotional expression. With the digital era ushering in a new wave of learning, online Carnatic music classes have become a beacon for students worldwide, eager to dive into this profound musical tradition.

However, Indian classical music be it hindustani or carnatic music, it has always followed the guru-shishya parampara with students spending a lot of time with their guru, honing their skills and emulating the mastery. Transitioning from traditional in-person lessons to the virtual platform poses unique challenges and opportunities for learners and teachers today. 

We connected with a lot of online Carnatic music teachersto understand their techniques to help students excel in their musical journey, focusing on critical aspects such as ear training, nuances of gamakas, kaarvai, tempo, and the foundational elements of taal, raga, shruthi, and laya.

online carnatic music classes

Based on this information, we have created a list of top 9 techniques that will help students excel in online carnatic music classes, so let’s dive right in –

1. Cultivate an Attuned Ear for Music

As a student, dedicate time to listen to recordings of Carnatic music legends. Pay attention to how they articulate notes, their use of gamakas, and the emotional depth they bring to their performances. This practice enriches your musical vocabulary and works on a subconscious level.

– Active Listening Exercises: Engage in active listening by trying to identify ragas, talas, and the nuances in the gamakas used. Use apps or software that can slow down the music without altering the pitch to dissect and understand complex passages.

2. Start small and slow

Learning classical music is different as compared to light or Bollywood music. When you are new to a raga or a particular style or taal, it is important to start small. Start with a geetham or varnam in the same raaga and then move to krithi. 

– Experiment and Practice different compositions:Learning various compositions from the same raaga or learning a particular raaga in different taala can help in mastering the raaga. Listen to stalwarts singing the same composition in different styles or same raaga in different forms of composition to improve further.

3. Mastering Gamakas – The Soul of Carnatic Music

Begin your practice with straightforward oscillations and gradually progress to more complex ones. Use a digital or electronic tanpura as a reference to ensure your oscillations are in tune.

– Record and Analyze: Record your renditions and compare them with master performances. This self-analysis helps in understanding where your gamakas stand and what needs improvement.

online carnatic music classes

4. Understanding and Implementing Kaarvai

To master the art of kaarvai or the duration a note is held, practice with a metronome. Start by holding notes for a consistent beat and gradually increase the duration, ensuring stability and clarity in pitch.

5. Navigating Tempo and Rhythmic Variations

Use a metronome to practice at different tempos. Begin slowly and increase the speed incrementally, ensuring clarity in pronunciation and note precision.

– Rhythmic Pattern Practice: Practice different talas with hand gestures (solkattu) to internalize rhythmic patterns. This physical association helps in better rhythm control and variation.

6. Delving Deep into Taal and Laya

Grasp the theoretical aspects of taal (rhythmic cycles) and laya (tempo) through structured lessons. Knowing the theory enhances practical application.

– Laya Exercises:Practice exercises that focus on different layas (speeds) within the same taal to develop flexibility and control.

7. Exploring Raga – The Melodic Foundation

 Learn to identify ragas by their signature phrases and note patterns. This skill is fundamental in improvisation and composition.

– Alankara Practice: Practice alankaras (ornamental note sequences) in various ragas to improve your melodic sense and raga execution.

8. The Significance of Shruthi

Regularly tune your instrument or voice to a tanpura to develop a keen sense of pitch. Consistency in shruthi is crucial for harmonic music rendition.

9. Feedback and Revision

Engage with your teacher and peers for feedback. Constructive criticism is invaluable for growth.

– Regular Revision:Revisit lessons and practice sessions regularly. Consistency is key to mastering any musical skill.


Excelling in online Carnatic music classes requires a blend of traditional practice techniques and modern technological assistance. It also demands self-motivation to practice beyond class hours. By focusing on the core aspects of Carnatic music and incorporating these tips into your practice regime, you can navigate the online learning landscape more effectively and enrich your musical journey. Remember, the essence of learning music lies in persistence, passion, and the continuous pursuit of excellence. Embrace the process, have patience and focus on the minute details to excel in your online carnatic music classes.

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